Witamy, dziś jest Niedziela    24 Marzec, 2019      Logowanie: gość



Cracow is the third largest, and one of the oldest, cities in Poland, with a population of 756,267 in 2006 (1,401,937 in the Kraków-Tarnów sub-region). Situated on the Vistula river (Polish: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region. It is now the capital of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship. Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish scientific, cultural and artistic life. As the former national capital with a history encompassing over a thousand years, the city remains the spiritual heart of Poland. It is a major attraction for local and international tourists, attracting seven million visitors annually. Famous landmarks include the Main Market Square with St. Mary's Basilica and the Sukiennice Cloth Hall, the Wawel Castle, the National Art Museum, the Zygmunt Bell at the Wawel Cathedral, and the medieval St Florian's Gate with the Barbican along the Royal Coronation Route. In 1978, UNESCO added Cracow's Historic Centre, which includes the Old Town, Kazimierz and the Wawel Castle to the list of World Heritage Sites.

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Main Market Square

Main Market Square (Polish: Rynek Główny w Krakowie) is the main square of the Old Town, Kraków, Poland. It dates back to the 13h century and – it is the largest (200 by 200 meter square) medieval town square in Europe. The main landmarks of the square are the St. Mary's Basilica (Kościół Mariacki), the Sukiennice (Cloth Hall) and the St. Adalbert's Church.  Rynek Główny was designed in 1257, during the location of the city of Kraków by prince of Kraków, Bolesław V the Chaste. It was purposefully designed to be large, to attract passing merchants so they would offer their goods in Kraków, which at that time was the capital of the Kingdom of Poland. At 40,000 m², for many centuries it was the largest marketplace and town square in Europe. The square is located on the coronation route, between the Barbican of Kraków and the Wawel Castle. Ever since its creation it has been considered the center of the city.

Wawel Hill

Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a limestone outcrop situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. This is a symbolic place of great significance for all Polish people. The Royal Castle and the Cathedral are situated on the Hill. Polish Royalty and many distinguished Poles are interred in the Cathedral and royal coronations took place there. There are archaeological remains indicating settlement from the 4th century. The history of the medieval Wawel is deeply intertwined with the history of the Polish lands and Polish royal dynasties during the Middle Ages.  The significance of the Wawel hill comes in part from its combination of political and religious structures and functions. The cathedral holds the relics of St. Stanisław and stands directly adjacent to the Royal Castle.

National Museum

The National Museum, Kraków (Polish: Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie), established 1879, is the main branch of Poland's National Museum, which has many permanent collections around the country. The Main Building features the newly renovated upper Gallery of the Twentieth Century Polish Art, one of the largest art galleries in Poland. It contains a collection of paintings and sculptures from the late nineteenth century on, including canvases by Jacek Malczewski, Leon Wyczółkowski and Włodzimierz Tetmajer; an extensive collection of works by Stanisław Wyspiański. The Main Building has a vast display of militaria ranging from twelfth to twentieth century, including Polish armor from sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Polish sabers, firearms, saddles and caparisons, military uniforms from eighteenth to twentieth century, military orders, medals and distinctions. The Museum holdings also include a collection of Western and Eastern European weapons.

Barbican of Krakow

The Barbican of Kraków is a fortified outpost or gateway – a barbican – one of the few remaining relics of the complex network of fortifications and defensive barriers encircling the city of Kraków, Poland. It currently serves as a tourist attraction and a location of many multidisciplinary exhibitions. Based on Arabic rather than European defensive architecture, this masterpiece of medieval military engineering with its circular fortress was added to the city's fortifications in the late 15th century. Barbakan is one of the very few surviving structures of its kind in Europe, built around 1498. It is a moated cylindrical brick structure with an inner courtyard and seven turrets. Its 3-metre thick walls have 130 embrasures. Barbakan was originally linked to the city walls through the Florian Gate by a covered passage-way.  

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