Witamy, dziś jest Niedziela    24 Marzec, 2019      Logowanie: gość



Warsaw is the capital of Poland and its largest city. It is located on the Vistula River roughly 370 kilometers (230 mi) from both the Baltic Sea coast and the Carpathian Mountains. It is in the heartland of the Masovian Plain, and its average altitude is 100 metres (330 ft) above sea level, although there are some hills (mostly artificial) located within the confines of the city Its population as of 2006 was estimated at 1,700,536, with a metropolitan area of approximately 2,600,000. The city area is 516.9 square kilometers (199.6 sq mi), with an agglomeration of 6,100.43 square kilometers (2,355.4 sq mi) (Warsaw Metro Area — Obszar Metropolitalny Warszawy). Warsaw is the 8th biggest city in the European Union .

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Warsaw Old Town

Warsaw's Old Town (Polish: Stare Miasto, colloquially: Starówka) is the oldest historic district of the city. It is bounded by Wybrzeże Gdańskie, along the bank of the Vistula, and by Grodzka, Mostowa and Podwale Streets. It is one of Warsaw's most prominent tourist attractions.The heart of the area is the Old Town Market Place, with its restaurants, cafés and shops. Surrounding streets feature medieval architecture such as the city walls, barbican and St. John's Cathedral.  Warsaw's Old Town was established in the 13th century. Initially surrounded by an earthwork rampart, prior to 1339 it was fortified with brick city walls. After World War II, the Old Town was meticulously rebuilt. As many of the original bricks were reused as possible. The rubble was sifted for reusable decorative elements, which were reinserted into their original places. Bernardo Bellotto's 18th-century vedute, as well as pre-World-War II architecture students' drawings, were used as essential sources in the reconstruction effort.

Warsaw Barbican

The Warsaw Barbican (Polish: Barbakan warszawski) is a barbican (semicircular fortified outpost) in Warsaw, Poland, and one of few remaining relics of the complex network of historic fortifications that once encircled Warsaw. Located between the Old and New Towns, it is a major tourist attraction.  The barbican was erected in 1548 in place of an older gate to protect Nowomiejska Street. It was designed by Jan Baptist the Venetian (also known as Giovanni Battista the Venetian), an Italian Renaissance architect who lived and worked in the Mazowsze region of 16th century Poland and was instrumental in the redesign of the 14th century city walls, which by that time had fallen into disrepair. The barbican had the form of a three-level semicircular bastion manned by fusiliers. During World War II  the barbican was largely destroyed. Most of the barbican was rebuilt save for two exterior gates and the oldest tower on the side of the Old Town. It is currently a popular tourist attraction.

Presidential Palace

Presidential Palace (also known as Pałac Prezydencki, Pałac Koniecpolskich, Lubomirskich, Radziwiłłów, or Pałac Namiestnikowski) in Warsaw, Poland, is the elegant classicist latest version of a building that has stood on the Krakowskie Przedmieście site since 1643. Over the years, it has been rebuilt and remodeled many times. For its first 175 years, the palace was the private property of several aristocratic families. In 1791 it hosted the authors and advocates of Poland's May 3rd Constitution, Europe's first modern codified national constitution, and the world's second after the U.S. Constitution. In July 1994 it replaced the much smaller and more difficult to protect Belweder palace as the official residence of the Polish President.

Wilanów Palace

Wilanów Palace at Wilanów in Warsaw is, together with its park and other buildings, one of the most precious monuments of Polish national culture. It survived the time of partitions and wars and preserved its authentic historical qualities. It was built for the Polish king Jan III Sobieski in the last quarter of 17th century and later was enlarged by other owners. It represents the characteristical type of baroque suburban residence entre cour et jardin (between the court and garden). Its architecture is very original – it is a merger of European art with Old-Polish building tradition and its elevation and palace interiors that, using antique symbols, glorifies the Sobieski family, especially military triumphs of the king.  The palace and park in Wilanów is not only a priceless testimony of the splendour of Poland in the past, but also a place for cultural events and concerts, including Summer Royal Concerts in the Rose Garden and the International Summer Old Music Academy.  

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